By. Neil Williamson, President
Back in January, we spoke out regarding the long term parking problem the City of Charlottesville is choosing to ignore.
Currently, the existing garages are effectively full, with greater than 350 potential parkers on waiting lists for the opportunity to buy a monthly parking pass.
Commercial development activity continues in downtown with four prominent parking demanding projects currently in the pipeline. Conservative estimates place the new parking deficit [parking demand less parking provided] created by these developments to be 844 spaces [(386) Charlottesville Technology Center, (213) West 2nd Street, (160) Dewberry Hotel, (85) Vault Virginia].
Then this past week, Charlottesville cut a settlement with Charlottesville Parking Center owner Mark Brown to operate both downtown garages for 16 years. The Daily Progress Editorial this morning (7/31) suggests “Parking Deal Buys Relief at Least for Now”
As a matter of public policy — that is, providing parking for those who visit or work in Charlottesville and ending the uncertainty over whether parking would be reasonably available — the settlement has merit.
So the question is parking “a matter of public policy” and does the City have a responsibility to provide parking for those who work or live downtown?
Charlottesville enacted a parking action plan (January 2017-January 2020) that may remain as current policy but has been largely ignored by City Council.
Currently, the Charlottesville Planning Commission is considering their long term (20 year) comprehensive plan for the development of the City. Other than the inclusion of the Parking Action Plan internal to the 2016 Economic Development report, the draft comprehensive plan is silent about parking.
A portion of the Bonus Height/Affordable Housing Financial Analysis prepared by the Form Based Codes Institute and Partners for Economic Solutions was presented to City Council earlier this summer and included specific parking construction costs.
Parking is a major cost factor, averaging $5,000 per surface space, $20,000 per space in an above-ground parking structure and $32,000 per space in a below-ground structure. Surface parking is the least expensive option, by far, but it consumes a great deal of land
If we accept that there is not land space available for an 844 space surface parking lot in Charlottesville, the we can project the cost for “solving” the projected parking shortfall will be between $16.8 million and $27 million dollars.
1. The City does nothing and the parking shortfall results in development projects (or existing businesses) failing due to lack of parking for employees or customers.
2. The City recognizes the need for significant parking investment and dedicates significant resources to it. How they might pay for such an expenditure is unclear.
One thing is clear, ignoring the problem will not make it go away.
An idea that has been discussed is to require by code that any business with more than 25 employees has to submit a Transportation Demand Management (TDM) plan annually. This is a written plan on how the business would mitigate their effect on parking and traffic congestion. It might include employee incentives to use transit, carpool or bike to work.
Planning for the future parking needs, the Planning Commission is uniquely positioned to aid in this endeavor as it seeks to revise the City’s Comprehensive Plan. The Free Enterprise Forum calls on the Planning Commission to draft a new chapter on Parking ad clearly state if the city is accepting the responsibility for providing parking or not. This document is the clearest place to state this critical public policy.
Or they can choose to remain silent on the issue – either way it is a choice.
Neil Williamson, President
Neil Williamson is the President of The Free Enterprise Forum, a public policy organization covering the City of Charlottesville as well as Albemarle, Greene, Fluvanna, Louisa and Nelson County. For more information visit the website www.freeenterpriseforum.org
Photo Credits: City of Charlottesville, Community. curiosity.com