By. Neil Williamson, President
According to the Fairfax County Times, about five hundred people marched in protest on March 4th of the paid parking system implemented by Reston Town Center (RTC) owner and manager Boston Properties in January.
Yesterday (3/13) The Washington Post ran an article titled End of Free Parking is the Last Straw for Some Reston Residents which highlighted business owners concerns:
But businesses in the Northern Virginia suburb, about 23 miles west of Washington, say there has been a noticeable drop in customer traffic since the fees took effect and parking enforcement officers began writing tickets.
Why should Charlottesville care about what is happening in Reston?
Because we see this push back on this private sector parking operation as a ‘Canary in the Coal Mine’ for Charlottesville
In the early 20th Century, coal miners used to take canaries into coal mines with them. Canaries are more sensitive to dangerous gases than humans are. As long as the bird was singing, the miners knew they were safe but if the canary stopped singing/died, the miners knew to evacuate.
RTC, much like Charlottesville’s Downtown Mall, was a long time in coming mixed use economic success. Founded in 1990 (the same year Charlottesville removed parking meters), RTC is a new urbanist walkable development is surrounded by parking decks for customer/resident parking. The retail mix within both properties is similar in type (banks, clothing, hotel and restaurants) if not specific brands. An important distinction between the Downtown Mall and RTC is that RTC is privately held by a single entity and does not require governmental approval or significant public process to change parking regulations on their private property.
Parking, which in most of Northern Virginia’s shopping districts is ‘free’ has become an issue in both Charlottesville and Reston.
According to the Washington Post story:
Boston Properties, which took over full ownership of the town center in 2015, had planned for years to implement fees for garage and curb spaces. In 2011, when it was moving to acquire town center parcels, the company estimated that the parking fees would generate as much as $8 million per year. Officials now say the amount will probably be lower…
… Im Sun “Sunny” Park, owner of Obi Sushi restaurant, said sales have dropped by about a third since January. As she spoke, she watched a Boston Properties parking enforcement officer outside the restaurant leave a citation on the windshield of a car parked on the street.
“I see them giving tickets all day,” Park said. “They are killing business.”
Charlottesville Tomorrow’s Sean Tubbs reports Charlottesville is moving forward with their test of metered parking:
A six-month test of parking meters around Charlottesville’s Downtown Mall could begin as early as August. Officials believe that if the project is successful, it will improve the chances of finding a parking spot near the mall. “What we hope that it does is open up some of those spaces,” said Rick Siebert, hired last year as the city’s first parking manager. “What we’d like to do is have people drive down a block and actually see an open space.”…
The council also has authorized the establishment of an enterprise fund to support creation of the city parking department, which is overseen by Siebert. The department will be supported by revenue from parking garages, parking meters, fines and payments for permits required for special zones in the city.
It is interesting the different visions of free parking among those involved in the process. One of the commenters to the Washington Post story (hockeymom1) wrote:
I live nearby and will not go to any of the retail or restaurants at Reston. Tysons, Mosaic and Dulles are free. Bethesda, which has less parking available and expensive land, charges quarter an hour! $2.00 an hour is insane! This article was good. I had not realized that once the developer had full control they wasted no time implementing fees!
On the other hand, perhaps not surprisingly since his new department will be funded by such fees, Charlottesville Tomorrow quoted Charlottesville’s Parking Manager:
“When you make something free, people don’t value it,” Siebert said. “People look for those spaces and they tend to camp out in them. Everyone’s heard of the two-hour shuffle, where people drive around the block after two hours looking for another space, adding to traffic congestion.”
Perhaps Charlottesville can learn from Covington’s MainStrasse parking fiasco. A popular neighborhood outside of Cincinnati, their innovative paid parking plan included solar powered parking kiosks. When launched in March 2016, the Covington City Website sounded very similar to Charlottesville’s current parking diagnosis:
“The goal with this plan is to alleviate existing issues and modernize parking on streets and in City-owned lots,” said City Engineer Mike Yeager. “The parking plan was created after working with the community to understand concerns about things like residents having a difficult time finding available on-street parking and businesses being affected by to the unrestricted parking times in front of their buildings.”
According to a January 17, 2017 article on Cincinnati.com the MainStrasse program fell swiftly on its face:
Under the parking program, the city charged for parking in MainStrasse for the first time in the history of the neighborhood. It also restricted many blocks to residential parking only.
But residents and businesses complained it made parking much more difficult. Parking kiosks didn’t work. Businesses lost customers. … The pay parking pushed cars into the residential areas not restricted by permits.
The city commission suspended the parking program indefinitely until the city can come up with a new parking plan.
The pay parking kiosks will be shuttered and the residential parking restrictions in MainStrasse lifted, Mayor Joe Meyer said.
Available parking is the life’s blood of most small businesses.
The Free Enterprise Forum hopes the City Council will pay attention when the canary stops singing – local businesses (as well as the jobs and taxes they generate) will be at risk.
Only time will tell.
Neil Williamson is the President of The Free Enterprise Forum, a privately funded public policy organization covering the City of Charlottesville as well as Albemarle, Greene, Fluvanna, Louisa and Nelson County.
Photo Credits: Angela Woosley, Fairfax County Times, Pete Marovich, Washington Post, Share.America.gov
By. Neil Williamson, President
This afternoon (6/18) Albemarle County’s Architectural Review Board (ARB) had an interesting tidbit on their agenda – a discussion of EC [Entrance Corridor] impacts of relegated parking.
The Free Enterprise Forum’s opposition to mandated relegated parking dates back to 2003 when it was first considered as a part of Albemarle County’s Neighborhood Model. At that time we wrote to the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors:
As written, it is anticipated that a significant number of businesses would establish the front of their shop as the “rear” and close all public access from the street side of the building. As architecture critic Craig Whitaker notes in his book Architecture and the American Dream, if cars are moved to the back, “the front doors would start following the cars.”
In an August 2011 post [The ARB vs. The Neighborhood Model] , we referenced the conflict between the ARB guidelines and the new urbanism theory of the Neighborhood Model. As one example we mentioned Albemarle County’s challenges manning a front and rear door for the Crozet library.
These photos, taken this morning, provide real world experience with creating a design that fails to function well. The majority of the parking is on the opposite side thus that is Holly Nails’ front door.
As the ARB started their discussion, Member Paul Wright said, “Relegated Parking is the number one architectural problem we have in the entrance corridor…seems we are protecting people in cars from seeing cars” [emphasis added-nw].
Wright went further to describe the new urbanist concept of placing the parking to the rear results in the best architectural design is on the backs of buildings. What we wind up with is canyons of parking behind buildings.
ARB Member Chuck Lebo suggested that, “I ‘d rather see roofs of cars than the back of buildings [facing the entrance corridor]”
In drafting a resolution to be recommended to the Board of Supervisors, Member Bruce Wardell said “The ARB strongly recommends the the Board of Supervisors that certain provisions of the neighborhood model regarding building frontage relegated parking and the possibility of limited parking on the entrance corridor side of buildings be reconsidered.
“The ARB has found on numerous occasions the quality of design responsiveness of architectural environment to the entrance corridor is compromised by needing to address frontage on the EC and relegated parking facades.”
The ARB supported the resolution 4-0.
Wright asked that staff attempt to get this item on the Board of Supervisors agenda as soon as possible so these changes could be part of the Comprehensive Plan discussion moving forward.
How will the Albemarle County staff, which has been very supportive of relegated parking and new urbanist design for over a decade, engage the Board of Supervisors now that the Architectural Review Board has expressed their displeasure?
Neil Williamson is the President of The Free Enterprise Forum, a privately funded public policy organization covering the City of Charlottesville as well as Albemarle, Greene, Fluvanna, Louisa and Nelson County. For more information visit the website www.freeenterpriseforum.org
Photo Credit: Free Enterprise Forum
By. Neil Williamson
Fairfax County residents will have a harder time finding a free parking space in some neighborhoods, if transportation planners get their way.
The article outlines a proposal to create a maximum limit for number of spaces in new commercial and residential developments near Metro stations. The rationale given is these generally high density Transit-Oriented-Developments (TOD) don’t need parking – everyone should take the train. Therefore the local government, not the market, is seeking to severely restrict the number of parking spaces a developer may choose to provide for a project.
Under the current ordinances a new town home must have at least 2.75 parking spaces per dwelling. Under the draft recommendations, parking would be limited to 1.75 spaces per dwelling unit. [emphasis added – nw]
By means of background, Fairfax County has a population of about a million people and covers roughly 400 square miles.
Stewart Schwartz, Executive Director of the Coalition for Smarter Growth is quoted in the article:
We often like to say that too much parking can be a traffic magnet. If we’re going to address traffic and make a walkable community in Fairfax, its important to get the parking right.”
The Free Enterprise Forum believes that the new planning goal is to limit transportation choices for citizens. By forcing developers to limit parking options, the planners behind this proposal believe they are funneling people into mass transit; they’re wrong. The lack of parking will lead to an increase in illegal parking (often on the skinny roads favored by New Urbanism) creating a safety issue and therefore a new citizen demand for parking enforcement.
To be deemed a success, this new parking proposal will limit consumer transportation choices thus increasing walkability and transit use. Such logic reminds me of the philosophy of comedian Stephen Wright who famously said:
“Anywhere is walking distance, if you’ve got the time.”
Neil Williamson is the President of The Free Enterprise Forum, a privately funded public policy organization covering the City of Charlottesville as well as Albemarle, Greene, Fluvanna and Nelson County. For more information visit the website www.freeenterpriseforum.org